Human Kind and Information Technology

Human kind is the most intelligent and evolving species to have inhabited this world. It is therefore always seeking knowledge, convenient ways of communication and development in general.

It is the result of this quest that in the early 40’s the precursor of modern day computing machines was first invented. Ever since there has been no letting in the pace of progress in this exciting field which has profound effects on almost all the aspects of the modern day human beings.

The most important and sought after offshoot of the computer or information technology is the internet. It opens up unlimited vistas of knowledge in a fraction of second for the user. The possibilities are literally limitless.

One major branch of internet is the E-commerce. In its early days, it existed simply as a form of facilitation for commercial and financial transactions. Since then it has really transformed.

Technologies such as electronic data interchange and electronic funds transfer were introduced and they allowed the freedom to the businesses to communicate documents such as invoices via electronic network systems, securely. The growth of telephonic banking, credit cards and automated teller machines are all too well known and form the back bone of e-commerce. There are many vistas in this regard which are growing as per the users need and information technology is providing an efficient and secure platform to them.

The major electronic payment systems that govern current online transactions are credit cards processing systems and electronic payment gateways. The electronic payment gateways facilitate financial transactions online by authenticating credit cards and online bank accounts authorizing transactions. They connect the merchant’s website and the credit card companies. In doing so, the user has the liberty of doing such transactions from the safety of the home or office and avoiding the physical hassle of going to the financial institutions or the vendors.

E-banking and business of many sorts is now a normal occurrence and part of the daily routine of a sizable population.

The internet has eliminated the distances between friends and family. The internet provides web services of different sorts like, social networking services, chatting services with real time interaction and portals providing free lance business opportunities.

In the beginning no one had envisioned the growth spurt of the internet and its allied e-commerce. The web browsers are instruments which have the ability of finding and organizing the information quickly and thus have become indispensable tools in the hands of common people.

The web was lately considered a medium for sharing mere text files. Now with advanced user interface, animations, video and radio streaming the internet has really evolved.

It is professed that the computer technology especially the internet has a more profound effect on people’s lives as compared to the radio or television. This magical box, the computer with its flexibility has become one stop solution to all the media needs of a modern day person.

Colleges Fail to Turn Out Enough Computer and Information Technology Graduates

The computer and information technology field is one of today’s highest demand employment fields. The Federal Government projects an increase of 22% in the total number of jobs between now and 2020. The trend is expected to continue.

Industry experts say that private and public sector employers are searching for qualified people to work as web developers, security analysts, network administrators, computer support specialists and other specialized computer-related employment jobs.

College graduates with the skills and knowledge that are needed in information technology can have numerous job opportunities. The demand is widespread.

The fact remains, however, that colleges and universities in the United States are failing to prepare enough people to fill the vacancies. Evidence that employers are experiencing difficulty in finding qualified Americans to work in the computer-related occupations can be found in the continuing demand for H-1B visas for foreign workers.

The Brookings Institute reports that U.S. companies continue to face a shortage of available workers in the science and technology fields. Computer occupations remain among the job classifications for which H-1B visas are being sought. Brookings recommends that the Federal Government immediately adjust caps so that employment needs by region can be filled as soon as possible. The Institute further suggests that the fees charged to apply for H-1B visa applications be spent on programs that train U.S. workers in the high demand occupations that are currently being filled by workers from other countries.

Cisco, a major global networking company, confirms that the demand for qualified workers exceeds the supply. Jeanne Beliveau-Dunn, vice president and general manager of Learning at Cisco, recently said in a Forbes magazine article, “Absolutely, there is a skills gap in I.T. It’s where the jobs will be in the future.”

William Kamela, senior director for education and the workforce at Microsoft’s Law and Corporate Affairs Office, said “Nationally, there are about 40,000 computer science graduates a year but the nation needs 122,000.” Kazmela adds, “Microsoft can’t find enough people to fill all its positions.”

The demand for information technology workers is high and the compensation for computer technology workers is above average. Modern society and economies are literally driven by computer technology. Hundreds of thousands of information specialists are needed to make it work.

A serious disconnect appears to exist among employment demand, educational institutions and students. One educational leader says, “The educational system in the U.S. has failed to address employment demand. School administrators talk a good game but ignore reality. Existing undergraduate curriculum tends to be too broad. Students have to take the responsibility and inform themselves about career opportunities. Most schools avoid doing so. An individual who obtains the information technology skills and knowledge that are in demand can recession proof his or her future. The sky is the limit.”

The facts confirm that the U.S. has a shortage of qualified information technology workers. The demand for such workers is strong. Industry leaders continue to complain that qualified workers are difficult to find. Universities and colleges are failing to fill the demand. The job opportunities in information technology are abundant.

Computer and Information Technology Jobs: An Overview

Computer career opportunities are growing faster than average in the overall economy. People who have the necessary information technology skills and knowledge are in demand and have a tremendous number of choices. The scope of the careers in computer information systems field is extensive. Employment opportunities can be grouped in the following general categories:

1. Computer and information research scientists invent and design new technology and find new uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, science, medicine, and other areas.

Individuals who work in research and development require educational levels that are higher than others (normally advanced degrees). These jobs are fewer in number than other areas and reside on the cutting edge of the technology.

2. Computer programmers write code to create software programs. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions that a computer can follow.

Programmers create and maintain the instructions that cause computers to do worthwhile work.

3. Computer support specialists provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment. Some are called technical support specialists, support information technology (IT) employees within their organization. Others, called help-desk technicians, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems.

The support specialists are the people who users call when they get into trouble or experience difficulty in working with information systems on the job site.

4. Computer systems analysts study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures and then makes recommendations to management to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.

Analysts and designers determine system requirements and design specifications for systems that meeting the needs of the system. Analysts and designers are familiar with how the availability of information drives organizational decision-making.

5. Database administrators use software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records. They make sure that data are available to users and are secure from unauthorized access.

Database specialists analyze, design and implement databases that track organizational records. Information retrieved from databases, typically, are presented to users in a report format.

6. Information security analysts ensure a firm’s information stays safe from cyber attacks and provide for information assurance. The information security specialist implements organizational wide security policy and best practices. Security analysts work closely with network administrators to provide for the confidentiality, integrity and availability of networks.

7. Web developers create websites to help firms have a public face and develop internal web sites that are known as intranets. Many web developers are responsible for maintaining online websites that sell to customers.

8. Computer network architects and administrators create the network infrastructure that all workers within organizations use. Network architects and administrators are responsible for the day-to-day operation of an organization’s computer networks. They organize, install, and support an organization’s computer systems, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.

9. Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or other device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or control networks.

The Easiest Solution To Networking and Information Technology Overhead

Any business, no matter what product or service they offer, relies on both, networking as well as information technology to get through the day-to-day realities of running a business. However, purchasing the necessary computer technology, especially if some of it has to go outside of the office, can really wreck a budget and ramp up overhead costs. And in today’s economy, saving money is no longer an option, it is a necessity.

There is a very easy solution to this issue and that is leasing. Most business owners are familiar with leasing company solutions when it comes to major machinery, such as construction equipment but did you know that you could also lease everything you need to efficiently do both, networking as well as information technology setups? To best see the benefits of leasing what you need, it might be best to examine the effects of purchasing or leasing has on your bottom line.

Purchasing Networking and Information Technology Equipment

If you were to outfit your entire office with laptops, desktops, printers, or other equipment so that they could do business inside and outside of the office, if necessary, do you have an idea of how much it would cost you? Let us take a look at the average sales office, which consists of one manager, one secretary, and four salespeople.

In the office, the secretary needs a complete desktop setup: monitor, keyboard, printer, which will run about $1200 for the basics in file storage and media creation. Add to that, laptops for each of the salespeople, between $700 and $800 for the most durable and adaptable. That adds up to another $2800 to $3600, up front. So far, it is looking like you, the manager, are going to have to make do with your old laptop or you will have to add on another $600 for a basic model. Your total overhead costs is a whopping estimated $5000, paid in advance, not including networking costs or insurance premiums on the equipment.

What A Difference A Lease Can Make

The real difference to your bottom line does not always lie in the costs of the equipment. When you purchase equipment for your business, when it comes to tax time, as well as quarterly valuations, you have to depreciate everything, even the computer equipment. In addition, to keep on top of the competition, your computer equipment must also stay on top of the available technology so that it can compete. All this means, paying out even more money for new equipment, even though the old may only be “old” by a few months.

If you lease the equipment instead, you pay only a monthly payment based on the fair market value of the equipment you are leasing, plus interest. Most leases will run for an average of 24 months, with an option to buy the equipment at the end. Some firms will even offer upgrades on equipment for a small fee, and renewing the lease at that current market value. For many businesses, this can mean reducing the overhead costs for such necessary items by as much as 50% over purchasing them outright, or more. Add networking through a service provider, and your business can go on the road as well, for less.

Free Computer Help and Information Technology Advice on Training

Free computer help or information technology advice with online training can vary in cost from free to hundreds of dollars, and sometimes go into the thousands. Students of computer science and repair technicians want the best available information technology certification training at the lowest possible price.

The price is important, but one does not want to sacrifice the quality of online training pertaining to the operating system or any other part of the unit. Free computer help found on the internet will provide much of the schooling necessary. Desktop, laptop and dealing with the operating system are important aspects to the overall preparation of obtaining a certificate.

Classroom and online certification training can only you so far. You will learn the basics, but you know that they will only pertain to some of the points on the certification test. Many sites will provide free training for you, but you will still need to buy some educational materials like study guides and practice test questions.

Will the purchase of top dollar online computer classes prepare yourself to take a information technology certification final exam any better? Much technical data and knowledge concerning computer education is found on the internet, which is completely up to you on how it is to be used to prepare you for the a certificate or diploma if you look diligently.

You can gain valuable advice from someone who has received an information technology certificate. You will need to spend some money in order to be fully prepared for the certification exams. After you have completed the preparation then you can concentrate on the passing strategies of the final test.

You may very well be in computer repair, or a windows operating system technician and yet not have the training to pass a certification exam. Classroom and online practice test questions will not be able to adequately prepare you for passing unless the study material is relevant to the final examination.

There are very few resources available online or in class, where you can find the appropriate computer help. Know how to test and use the learning you have acquired is an art that can be learned well. Free information technology computer advice teaches the require skills so that you will conveniently pick-up the right test training material.

Are all computer study materials and classroom training the same? Some materials and training may be outdated. Microsoft and others are constantly updated with new questions and materials for the final. Microsoft and other companies of information technology are still updating the system to improve better standards.

You need knowledge at the highest level in the field of new technologies in order to succeed. How does one pass a certification test on the very first try? This is a question that all computer students should ask themselves. With education and skills about computers and information technology that are constantly changing, one will want the most updated training. Landing a well paid position depends upon the newest data on the market.

How Do You Become a Computer and Information Research Scientist?

The role of computer and information research scientist in the IT industry requires the highest level of knowledge. People who work as research specialists develop the most advanced computer systems in use. They usually work for the federal government, scientific research labs or in universities.

The computer research scientist uses the cutting edge technology to develop and prove new theory and concepts that bring about advances in computing technology. One example of pioneering work done in this top career is that which produced the Internet in the first place. Other examples would be virtual computing and the cloud. Even the technology behind such giants as Google™ would have employed these top computer specialists.

Careers in information technology research would require an advanced college degree in computer science, computer or electronic engineering or computer information systems. That would require at least a master’s degree or Ph.D. to gain initial employment. A master’s degree usually would take at least one year of study beyond a bachelor’s. A doctorate (Ph.D.) would require at least two more years of advanced study beyond the master’s.

Knowledge in different fields of specialty may also be required. For example, a computer research scientist working for a company that specializes in genetics would benefit from a background in biology. If the computer research scientist worked for a computer company such as Intel™, for example, an undergraduate degree in electronic engineering might be helpful for obtaining a position and building a career.

The research scientist may also work in highly specialized fields that can make use of his or her specific knowledge. For example, computer scientists may work for NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and maintain computer systems that guide spacecraft or satellites. The research scientists might work on theoretical computer models that predict the weather or on the development of an entirely new computer chip. Others may work with robots and computers to enhance manufacturing. Computer and information research scientists can be found working in multiple industries.

A person entering this top computer field would need to have a number of skill sets and personal characteristics. The research scientist must be detail oriented and capable of logical thinking. He or she must also be creative and analytical. The research scientist must have advanced knowledge of math and be able to use it along with strong analytical thinking and problem solving skills. They, like other computer professionals, must be detail oriented and possess excellent communication skills.

The average salary for this top job was $105,298 in 2012. The number of jobs in the field is smaller than that of a database administrator or networking specialist and expected to grow by 19% between now and 2020. A growing specialty field for the research scientist would be in the area of security, bioinformatics or hardware development. An even smaller number of available positions would be available as professors and researchers in the academic environment.

New Technologies For Computer and Information Security

The computer and information security is the backbone for ensuring efficiency of information security checks over information resources. This will help in ensuring authenticity, integrity, confidentiality, refutation and accessibility of information. Most organizations need to have a systematic approach for managing their computer and network security issues that address protection constantly at every stage. Unfortunately, most organizations take the initiative only when need arises, rather than setting up a systematic and planned approach and not an imprudent approach. There are various security detection systems like anti virus software, firewalls, encryption, virtual security networks, and several biometrics that prove as effective technologies for proving security to computer and network industry. You may come across several systems and devices that can generate reports on various technical and software problems. These devices may be available in different forms with diverse reporting and managing capabilities and on various update schedules.

Most of the times, one may however, find that these security technologies lack proper integration and each new technology provides data in its own meaning and format. Furthermore, these systems in different versions and product lines may provide inconsistent description of actions that represent similar symptoms. In most cases, the technologies used in the systems are not efficient and measurable as they depend on expertise to mange and analyze the data periodically within computers. Often, network administrators need to regularly verify different databases for new susceptibilities and execute several applications in their systems to prevent unwanted virus attacks. Usually, expert and skilled network security staff are responsible for monitoring and analyzing data provided by these devices. Though in reality, the security staffs often seem reluctant to follow periodical data analysis and there is often a communication gap between the staff. The technologies employed are unable to create an effective impact on security hindrance as the systems are not capable in generalizing, implementing and maintain security protection in time.

Now as the network administrator, you can deploy various security technologies such as anti virus software, firewalls, and various other types of systems that can protect your computer and networking assets. Technologies that include biometrics and virtual networking sites which offer help to protect computers and information systems are high on popularity and there are several which are emerging in the market. The latest versions of interference detection systems support multi-level search engines with anti denial to spam websites. Other security solutions include information security with self secured gadgets, external security devices and sensor networks. Self secured gadgets offer new potentialities for handling with different intrusions like preventing deletion and untraceable tampering. With sensor networks you can deal with privacy and protection issues which entrench in work or home environments. The sensor networks are sensible detectors that represent a rich ground for research problems. You can also opt for Security Management System which includes the procedures that your organization may use to collect, analyze and secure various security events and also receive notification that helps in responding to security proceedings.

Thus, security management systems are indeed essential to integrate data from various network and security devices that prevent false alarms, identify noteworthy events, and correlate measures from various sources, to minimize unwanted risks and enhance security efficiency.